Like CBD, CBG (cannabigerol) is also a non-psychoactive and non-intoxicating cannabinoid. CBG may be less known compared to other cannabinoids like CBD and THC, but CBG has a vital role in the development of CBD and other cannabinoids.
Because CBG plays a vital role in the development of other cannabinoids, it is also referred to as the “mother cannabinoid.” Specifically, this is because CBG is the first cannabinoid synthesized in hemp which then converts into other plant-based cannabinoids.
CBG starts with a 2-carboxylic acid form which is also known as the cannabigerol acid (CBGA). When the hemp matures, this compound will convert into three other compounds: CBDA (cannabidiolic acid), THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid), and CBCA (cannabichromene acid). All in all, you will have CBDA, THCA, CBCA, and CBGA. Once the hemp enters the decarboxylation process, the compounds will drop their carboxylic acid, leaving them as CBD, THC, CBC, and CBG – cannabinoids as we know them.
So far, there is limited research regarding CBG – relatively less than that compared to CBD. But what is known about CBG is, aside from its health benefits (more on that later), is that CBG also works in our body by interacting with the endocannabinoid system’s receptors. But unlike CBD, CBG can attach to both CB1 and CB2 receptors.
Where Does CBG Come From?
As a cannabinoid, CBG comes and is extracted from the hemp or cannabis plant, just like CBD and THC. Just like other cannabinoids, CBG is extracted by either using a variety of techniques, including CO2 or ethanol.
Once extracted, its oil will be distilled with steam to remove any plant matters and other impurities that may come from it. Once it is distilled, the result is its distillate, the purest form of CBG. Then, depending on the manufacturer, CBG would be then used in making a wide variety of products, which is the final product.
What Are The Benefits of CBG?
According to research, CBG can be very helpful when it comes to preventing muscle contractions. Not only that, but CBG could be better in preventing muscle contractions compared to other cannabinoids.
CBG could also aid in providing relief from pain. Some research shows that CBG could have potent pain-alleviating effects. CBG could also help in dealing with certain eye conditions - some studies even show that CBG can alleviate intraocular eye pressure, which could be very helpful for people who suffer from glaucoma, a group of eye conditions that causes damage to our optic nerves.
Overall, CBG has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effects, which makes it a good compound in dealing with a variety of inflammatory conditions.