Many of us know and recognize the health benefits of CBD, but there is one botanical compound that makes CBD products, particularly full-spectrum CBD products, more effective than when you only consume CBD alone (CBD isolates). These botanical compounds are called “terpenes (terps),” and while they play a major role in CBD’s healing and therapeutic effects, CBD with terpenes is less recognized in the whole discussion of CBD.
The truth is, terpenes matter. CBD with terpenes are more effective. But what exactly are terpenes? Let’s break it down.
What Are Terpenes?
Before we go to the definition of terpenes, it’s important that we first discuss why terpenes are only present in full-spectrum CBD (check out how it it's made) and not on other types of CBD products.
As you may know, full-spectrum CBD uses the full plant to get the most of its benefits. It’s for this reason also that full-spectrum CBD is the most popular choice. While CBD isolates and broad-spectrum CBD have their distinct advantages and benefits, full-spectrum CBD is the most popular choice because its compounds synergistically work together, a phenomenon known as the “entourage effect.” This results in the product being more effective compared to when you use CBD alone.
So, what does this have to do with terps? Well, when you use the full plant, you will experience other botanicals as well including terps. This is why terps are only present in full-spectrum CBD and mostly non-existent in CBD isolates. Now onto the main questions: what are terpenes?
In general, terps are botanical compounds that give a plant (not just CBD products) its specific and unique smell. For instance, if you like the smell of flowers, what you are actually “smelling” or experiencing are its terps. The same goes with fresh fruit – its scent can be mostly attributed to terps. In reality, we encounter terps all the time in our everyday life.
When it comes to CBD products, the same would be true: the terps’ main role is to provide the specific and unique aroma of the cannabis plant and CBD products. Contrary to what some might think, it’s not CBD or even THC that gives the cannabis plant its smell. When it comes to taste, in CBD at least, terps also play a role as well. Particularly, terps and THC (if THC is present in the product) would give it its unique flavor.
But aside from smell and taste, terps can provide additional benefits as well. For instance, scientists who study terpenes believe that the botanical compounds possess therapeutic effects. Some researchers note that terps can play a significant role in aromatherapy.
Now, while we know what generally terpenes are, there is a whole variety of terps to explore. In cannabis alone, there are around 200 known different types of terpenes. Later, we are going to discuss the 6 most common terps which could be found and used in CBD products.
For now, let us first discuss the phenomenon called the “entourage effect” and why it plays a key role in terps’ and full-spectrum CBD’s effects.
What Is The Entourage Effect?
As we mentioned above, full-spectrum CBD is more effective because of what we call the “entourage effect,” but what exactly is this “entourage effect?”
Simply put, the “entourage effect” is a phenomenon where different botanical compounds synergistically work together. In turn, they amplify the effects of one another, hence, boosting their effects – in the case of CBD, the health and therapeutic effects of CBD. The need of having different botanical compounds for the “entourage effect” to occur explains why only full-spectrum CBD can bring about the said phenomenon and non-CBD isolates.
As for broad-spectrum CBD, they can also bring about the “entourage effect” as they also contain different botanical compounds, but they are less effective than full-spectrum CBD since they do not make use of the full or whole plant.
Since terps are part of the botanical compounds of the cannabis plant, they too are part of the synergistic activities of the cannabis’ botanical compounds. Hence, their effects are also amplified while, at the same time, they also help amplify other botanical compound’s effects.
6 Most Common Terps Found in CBD Oil
At this point, we already have a basic idea of what terps are and how they play a role in CBD’s effects. We have also discussed how terps are amplified in the phenomenon we call the “entourage effect.” Now, it’s time that we discuss the different types of terps that can be found in CBD oil.
As mentioned earlier, there are numerous varieties of terps. The cannabis plant alone possesses around 200 different types of terps. But among the 200 types of terps, a few of them stand out – and for this reason, they are the most commonly known terps used in CBD products.
For this one, we are going to talk about the 6 most common terps that are used in CBD products. It’s important to know these types of terps so that you get to know what benefits it adds to your CBD product.
In Summary - Terpenes Play An Important Role in CBD Products
If you are choosing a CBD product, and you are looking for top effectiveness, choosing a full-spectrum CBD oil is a great choice. This product utilizes the full-plant, which provides you with a variety of benefits like the entourage effect.
At Kannaco, we have formulated a special line of Craft CBD Oil Drop Tinctures that utilize chosen terpene and vitamin blends to accomplish specific outcomes – check out those products here.